Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (12): 1476-1487.doi: 10.11821/xb201012004

Special Issue: 人口与城市研究

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The Research on Organic Cities with Different Scales and Grades in the Yuan Dynasty of China

HAN Guanghui, LIU Xu, LIU Yecheng   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2009-12-31 Revised:2010-03-07 Online:2010-12-20 Published:2010-12-20
  • Supported by:

    National Social Science Foundation of China, No.03BZS031

Abstract: Cities which are featured by precise boundary, specialized administrative agency and independent management are called "organic cities". Undoubtedly, organizational urban systems were the inevitable outcomes of the development of cities in history. In the Yuan Dynasty of China, an important symbol of the development of cities was the establishment of Jingxunyuan and Lushisi, which were specialized administrative departments at different levels. In the Yuan Dynasty, independent and organizational urban systems with different scales, functions, and names came out, which had equal status with the Zhou and Xian system (a traditional administrative system originated from Western Han Dynasty). This field is not only a revolution of urban administration but also a great creation in the history of urban development, which should be further studied in the future.

Key words: Jingxunyuan, Lushisi, organic cities, Yuan Dynasty, China