Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (11): 1421-1428.doi: 10.11821/xb201011012

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Green GDP Calculation of Fujian Province Based on Energy Analysis

ZHANG Hong1,2, HUANG Minsheng2, HU Xiaohui1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of China Innovation, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350108, China
  • Received:2010-01-14 Revised:2010-06-02 Online:2010-11-20 Published:2011-01-03
  • Supported by:

    National Basic Sciences Training Programs, No.J0830521; National Natural Science Foundation of Fujian, No.D0610004

Abstract:

With the method of emergy analysis, the energy storage and flow of different types in natural, social and economic systems of Fujian was transformed through the emergy transformation into a unified standard - emergy. And it reached the result of ratio of emergy consumption gross and GDP, namely emergy/money ratio. Then with that ratio, this paper converted the resource consumption and environment loss into currency value and deducted it from the traditional GDP, therefore obtained the green GDP. Also the condition of sustainable development of Fujian Province was analyzed by using some emergy evaluation indices, and the results showed that the traditional GDP increased rapidly from 2001 to 2006, but the green GDP increased relatively slowly. Fujian Province was characterized by fast-developing economy, high living standard, and export-oriented foreign trade. However, under the huge population and environment pressures, its sustainable development ability dropped. In addition, Fujian was short of internal resources and relied on the external environment. So the economy was encountering increasing risk and the competitiveness of economic activities tended to be weakening. There was still some unsustainable economic growth in the development of Fujian Province, which was in relevance to its level of industrialization.

Key words: emergy analysis, green GDP, sustainability assessment, Fujian Province