Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (8): 949-960.doi: 10.11821/xb201008006

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Housing Type Variation and Its Influencing Factors in Transitional Urban China:Based on Analysis of CGSS 2005

LIU Wangbao1, YAN Xiaopei2, CAO Xiaoshu2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    2. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Sun Yet-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2009-07-13 Revised:2010-05-30 Online:2010-08-20 Published:2010-08-31
  • Supported by:

    Fund of Hong Kong Baptist University, No.HKBU2080/99H; Fund of Social Sciences Research, Ministry of Education,No.09YJC840016

Abstract:

Market competition mechanism and bureaucracy distribution system are the two main channels for China's urban residents to obtain individual housing. To some extent, the differences of channels and opportunities for different types of households to obtain rare housing resources reflect housing inequality and social division in urban China. Institutional factors, market factors and household factors have interacted to shape individual's housing choice in transitional urban China. Using China's General Social Survey (CGSS 2005) (urban part) which covers 88 cities across the country, this paper analyzes housing type variation and its influencing factors in transitional urban China. It is found that house-ownership rate increases more quickly since the reform in 1978 and its main causes have transformed from public housing reform policy to housing commercialisation policy prior to and after 1998. Housing commercialisation has been enhanced gradually, and diversity characterizes housing tenure structure in transitional urban China. The findings demonstrate that household life cycle change, income, hukou, types of work units and occupation have significant impacts on housing choice which manifests the dual significant effect on housing distribution system from institutional and market force. The findings also reveal that types of work units, hukou and life cycle variables have more significant effects on housing choice in more developed areas when housing sources tend to be rare resources and house prices go high and there exists a great gap of housing affordability among residents. With future development of housing commercialisation and housing system reform, local government should gradually relax the constraints for social housing, especially the hukou constraints. Real estate developers should concern more about household structure change and its impacts on the residential preferences in the context of rapid socio-economic transformation.

Key words: housing types choice, social division, housing tenure variation, logistic regression model, China