Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (8): 929-937.doi: 10.11821/xb201008004

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Research on the Pole-Axis Theory in Regional Economic Cooperation between Chinese Xinjiang and West Siberia of Russia

WU Miao, YANG Zhaoping, ZHANG Xiaoyun   

  1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2009-09-20 Revised:2010-03-19 Online:2010-08-20 Published:2010-08-20
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX3-SW-355

Abstract:

In recent years, actively promoting international economic cooperation is not only a new trend in regional economic development, but also an important part of China's opening up to the world. Chinese Xinjiang and the West Siberia of Russia are contiguous. Extensive inter-regional economic cooperation between them will be conducive not only to promote the common prosperity and development of China and Russia, but also to consolidate the security and stability of the Central Asian region--the geographical hub of Eurasia. According to the regional economic development stage and infrastructure conditions, this paper utilizes pole-axis theory, adopts the models of urban primacy ratio and gravitation, and other methods of quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis in research on economic functions of the different central cities and transportation infrastructure in the region. Some suggestions are put forward as follows: taking the first and second Eurasian Continental Bridge as the major economic development zone; opening up the direct land access between Novosibirsk and Urumqi; establishing a Novosibirsk-Urumqi economic development axis; and cultivating the shape "工" of "one axis with two belts" spatial development structure between Xinjiang and West Siberia. And then, the appropriate co-op modes and corresponding fields and mechanism of cooperation should be established. Only in this way can the cross-border regional resources be integrated and the regional socio-economic development of Xinjiang and West Siberian region would be promoted effectively, so a geographical economic zone will be formed in Asian inland.

Key words: Chinese Xinjiang, West Siberia of Russia, regional economic cooperation, pole-axis development strategy