Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (6): 727-735.doi: 10.11821/xb201006010

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Reconstruction Models of Hollowed Villages in Key Agricultural Regions of China

  

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2009-04-22 Revised:2010-02-24 Online:2010-06-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China No.40635029; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KSCX-YW-09; National Science and Technology Supporting Project, No. 2008BAJ08B03

Abstract:

Hollowed villages emerged during rural eco-social development transition in China. It caused waste and inefficiency of rural land use and became an obstruction to rural eco-social development. It was of great significance for rational land allocation and new countryside construction to intensify researches on reconstructing hollowed village. Current reconstruction models of hollowed villages usually gave insufficient consideration to peasant's willingness so that some unwanted consequences were caused. In view of the facts, we developed reconstruction models of hollowed villages combining national strategies and peasant's willingness in this paper. Yucheng County of Shandong Province in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain was chosen as a case to study reconstruction models of hollowed villages. Forty-eight villages and 401 peasant households were sampled to investigate village emptying processes and peasants' willingness for reconstructing hollowed villages. The survey results revealed pervasive problems of small village size, many disused residence sites, decentralized village distribution, short of development planning and public establishment, as well as eagerly willingness of peasants for reconstructing hollowed villages. Three hollowed village reconstruction models, "urbanization leading model", "central village merger model" and "intra-village intensification model", were proposed for different types of hollowed villages by guidelines of establishing new city-countryside relationship and pushing rural space restructuring and resources integration based on peasants' willingness and value judgment of rural development. This study provides a case study of reconstruction models of hollowed villages for other main farming areas such as Northeast China Plain, Middle and Lower Yangtze Valley Plain, and Sichuan Basin.

Key words: hollowed village, new countryside construction, village reconstruction, rural spatial restructuring, peasant household desires, Yucheng city