Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (6): 685-694.doi: 10.11821/xb201006006

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Residential Differentiation of Nanjing in the New Period

SONG Wei-xuan1, WU Qi-yan2, ZHU Xi-gang1   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. School of Urban Construction and Management, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
  • Received:2009-04-07 Revised:2010-03-11 Online:2010-06-25 Published:2010-06-25
  • Supported by:

    Ecurbs Project funded by European Commission under 7th Framework Programme, No.ECUBS-230824

Abstract:

Under the background of the rapid urbanization, an obvious limitation of "time lag" is used to analyze urban social spatial structure with the data of national census. The new urban spatial forms emerging in Chinese cities, such as gated community, are changing the former social spatial structure and presenting new urban social spatial characters during the course of urban renewal and sprawl. The data of real estate market can directly reflect the change of housing supply and indirectly forecast the structure and tendency of urban residential differentiation. The essay tries to discuss the course, characters and evolving mechanism of residential differentiation in Nanjing by means of combining investigation on attributes of the 1075 residential communities built during 1998-2008 at macro level with interviews with the residents and analyses of questionnaires in six different and typical communities at micro level. As far as the social spatial characters of residential differentiation in Nanjing concerned, new circle layers have appeared in the urban social space due to the course of residential differentiation under the background of urban renewal in the new period (from 1998 till now); that gated communities grow up greatly has led to the social spatial fragmentation and the privatization of public space; while, the changes of institutional pattern of modern communities and life style have exaggerated the indifference of neighborhood relationship. It examines the common pattern of the driver model of urban residential differentiation in China in the new period, through studying residential differentiation in Nanjing.

Key words: Nanjing, gated community, residential differentiation, social spatial fragmentation