Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (2): 142-152.doi: 10.11821/xb200902002

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Manufacturing Industry Enterprises Location Choice and the Urban Spatial Restructuring in Nanjing

LU Weiguo1, CHEN Wen2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2008-08-11 Revised:2008-12-13 Online:2009-02-25 Published:2009-02-25
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Program of CAS , No.KZCX2-YW-321 , No.KZCY2-YW-339 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771053

Abstract:

The intra-urban location behavior of mamufacturing industry is one of the key driving forces for urban restructuring. Most of the studies have focused on the factors affecting the enterprises location choice. Unlike the existing literature, this study highlights the spatial effect of enterprises location choice on the urban restructuring. Based on the establishment of an analytic framework, this paper discusses the relationship between manufacturing industry enterprises location choice and the urban spatial restructuring in Nanjing. Firstly, this paper analyses a kind of factors impacting on manufacturing industry spatial diffusion and re-agglomeration in Nanjing with the Poisson and negative binomial models. Then, from the perspective of elements spatial distribution and agglomeration economies, the mechanism that the mamufacturing industry enterprises location choice impacts on the urban restructuring is investigated. It is found that factors such as compensation for the use of land, improvement of traffic outside the city, government planning and management aiming at optimizing urban spatial structure, and development zones are the key ones for manufacturing industry spatial diffusing and re-agglomeration, which may make the Nanjing city suburbanization and polycentricity. This paper also finds the pollution intensive manufacturing industry enterprises exhibit more intensive suburbanization, which is significant to the improvement of environment and function of the city.

Key words: enterprises location choice, Poisson analysis, urban restructuring, manufacturing industry, Nanjing