Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (6): 646-656.doi: 10.11821/xb200806009

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Comparison of Resort Residents' Per ceptions and Attitudes: Case Studies in Xidi Village and Jiuzhaigou

LU Song1,2, ZHANG Jie2, LI Donghe2,3, YANG Xiaozhong2, TANG Wenyue2   

  1. 1. College of Territorial Resource and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China;
    2. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    3. Department of Tourism Management, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, China
  • Received:2007-10-19 Revised:2008-02-27 Online:2008-06-25 Published:2008-06-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371030; No.40471035; Science and Technology Project of the Ministry of Construction, No.2004012; Human and Social Science Project of the Ministry of Education, No. 07JC630026

Abstract:

Studies on the residents' perceptions and attitudes toward tourism destinations have been a lasting study topic of tourism geography. A comparative study of different resort residents' perceptions and attitudes is one of the future study subjects. The paper analyzes the difference of residents' perceptions and attitudes in Xidi and Jiuzhaigou. The results are drawn as follows: (1) Residents in Xidi and Jiuzhaigou all have positive perceptions and attitudes toward the tourism impacts in the host community. But residents in Jiuzhaigou have more positive support to the tourism development than those in Xidi, and they have much more tourism income than those in Xidi. (2) Residents in Jiuzhaigou have more tourism economic profit, socio-cultural impact and environmental impact perceptions than those in Xidi. At the same time, they have also more tourism economic cost perceptions. 3) From the residents' characteristics, the paper identified correlation factors and predictors of residents' attitudes toward tourism development in Xidi Village and Jiuzhaigou resort by correlation and regression analysis. There are different community characteristics in different types of tourism destinations. The findings indicate that these communities with different characteristics, such as resort characteristics, dependence on the tourism industry, economic development level, territorial structure, heritage protection and tourism management mechanism and host-gest cultural difference, should have different residents' perceptions and attitudes toward tourism impacts. Based on social exchange theory, because of capital proceeds and compensation of being disturbed, residents have more profit expectations. Then this brings out that their realistic profit is lower than their expected profit. So compared with their counterparts in Jiuzhaigou, residents in Xidi tend to underestimate tourism economic profit and social profit, and overestimate social cost.

Key words: residents’perceptions, tourism impact, comparative study, Xidi, Jiuzhaigou