Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (6): 593-602.doi: 10.11821/xb200806004

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Optimization of the Locations of Hub- ports in Round- the- world Container Service

XU Hua1,2, JIN Fengjun1, WANG Chengjin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2007-06-29 Revised:2008-01-07 Online:2008-06-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40635026; No.40701045

Abstract:

Under the background of economic globalization, container shipping, which has the character of pronounced scale economy, is an indispensable link of a modern economy. Since the container ships become larger and larger, the expansion of Panama Canal has been put to agenda, therefore "round-the-world service", which can exploit economy of scale most, will reappear soon, hence forming a world-wide hub-spoke network eventually. This study analyses shipping cost to find the best locations of hub-ports of the container service which is based on Ashar's Equatorial Round-The-World Service (ERTW Service). How to choosing hub-ports en route will affect the world regional economic development in the future, so this study is quite meaningful. The result of this study differs slightly from Ashar's ERTW Service, for example, the locations of ports of Chinese Taiwan are quite superior, while those of Chinese Mainland, especially those along the coast of Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea, are not so good comparatively. Although this study is from a new aspect which is pure economical and makes the result somewhat deviate from the status quo, it introduces a new quantitative method to analyse transportation geography. The result of this study reveals the disadvantages of the locations of ports of Chinese Mainland. The emergency is to reinforce the construction and management of these ports to attract more container services to meet the future challenges.

Key words: container shipping, round-the-world service, optimization of the location, hub-port, maritime range, trade distance