Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (4): 386-394.doi: 10.11821/xb200804003

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Spatial Situation of Concentration and Specialization of Large- scale Commodity Exchange Markets in China

SHI Yishao, ZHANG Xuewu   

  1. Department of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2007-06-15 Revised:2007-11-19 Online:2008-04-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371034

Abstract:

Along with the rapid development of Chinese economy, remarkable changes of spatial patterns and specialization level of commodity exchange markets have taken place. According to the spatial analysis of large-scale commodity exchange markets of China from 2000 to 2005, the authors conclude that the concentration degree of large-scale commodity exchange markets is related with market types, those developed based upon the particular geographical environments and natural resources possess relatively high and steady degree of spatial concentration; those developed on the basis of high tech and advanced industries have relatively low degree of spatial concentration at zonal level and relatively high degree of spatial concentration at provincial level; and those developed on the popular consumption demand are provided with rather low degree of spatial concentration at various spatial levels. Meanwhile, large-scale commodity exchange markets tend to be concentrated in the eastern coastal areas of China and large cities. However, their specialization index is high at provincial level, but it drops totally. The statistical regression analysis shows that the level of urbanization, Engel coefficient and the degree of market development have fairly notable impact on the specialization of large-scale commodity exchange markets, but the level of industrial concentration, the development level of private economy and the net income of urban residents have no marked effect on the specialization of large-scale commodity exchange markets, and the index of trade competitiveness has slight impact on it.

Key words: large-scale commodity exchange market, degree of spatial concentration, specialization index, impact factors, multi-spatial scale, China