Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (2): 211-220.doi: 10.11821/xb200702010

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Geographical Distribution and Regional Differentiation of Female Talents in Modern and Contemporary China

REN Quanxiang, ZHU Hong, LI Peng   

  1. School of Geographical Science and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2006-07-27 Revised:2006-12-27 Online:2007-02-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40301011

Abstract:

Feminist geography' study is still in a marginal situation in human geography in China, female talents have been ignored in talented personal geography and they haven't also been paid enough attention in feminist geography, all of which indicate that there is a space in the study of female talented personal geography. Based on the statistical data of female talents' quantity, types, active period and birth places, this article discusses their status, structure, geographical distribution and regional differentiation in modern and contemporary China and tries to make an explanation. The research finds out that women in modern and contemporary China have much more chances to participate in social and political affairs than their women forebears so that the quantity and types of female talents both rise in this period. Although female talents have increased much in modern and contemporary China, the number of which is still far less than male talents. Provinces from southern and eastern China such as Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces concentrate a lot of female talents; Hunan Province, which lies in Central China also concentrates a great deal of female talents; few female talents are distributed in northwestern China. Female talents in Hunan and Guangdong provinces are famous for their activities in the political and public field, while talents in Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces contribute more to science, education and culture. Female talents' structure and regional differentiation are both influenced by political revolutions and women's liberation movements happened in modern and contemporary China, which diversified in different regions during that period.

Key words: female talent, types of talent, geographical distribution, women’s liberation movement, modern and contemporary China