Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (2): 127-136.doi: 10.11821/xb200702002

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The Effects of Urban Function on Population Growth in Shandong Province

WANG Maojun   

  1. College of Resources & Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2006-09-22 Revised:2006-12-01 Online:2007-02-25 Published:2007-02-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40335051; No.40601030


The urban function is the drive of urban population growth. Based on the calculation of the basic part of urban function, using the Economic Base Theory model, this paper discusses the relationship between Central Place Function, Management Function, Industrial Function, Gateway Function and temporal variation of urban population in Shandong Province in 1982 and 2000. The following conclusions are drawn. Firstly, Central Place Function/Industrial Function and Management Function/Industrial Function are the most important factors leading to the differences of urban population in 1982 and 2000 respectively. In the process of gateway opening (or closing), Gateway Function can enhance (or weaken) Industrial Function and Management Function. Secondly, the fluctuations of Industrial Function and Gateway Function are the important factors that influence the variation of urban population in 1982-2000. With the increase of urban population size, the expansion of Industrial Function can no longer be the impetus to the urban population growth. The positive correlation between Gateway Function and the variation of urban population reflects the strong drive brought by the gateway opening that makes population grow.

Key words: urban population, urban function, economic base theory, Shandong Province