Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (6): 1020-1027.doi: 10.11821/xb200406026

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The Spatial Structure and the Competition Pattern of the Container Port System of China

CAO Youhui1,2, LI Haijian2, CHEN Wen1   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
  • Received:2003-12-16 Revised:2004-05-20 Online:2004-11-25 Published:2004-11-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40171023; The Key Project of the Ministry of Education, No.03058


In this paper, two mathematic models are used to measure the spatial structure and the competition pattern of the coastal container port system of China from 1992 to 2001. Shift-share analyses reveal some characteristics for the competition pattern of the coastal container port system of China: (1) Both between (inter) and within (intra) the different port ranges, the net volumes of the shift effects are very notable. (2) In competition, the Pearl River Delta container port ranges are all along superiorior; the around the Bohai Sea container port range is throughout inferior; the Changjiang River Delta container port range is relatively complicated. (3) From 1995 to 1998, Shanghai was one of the major winners interms of total shift, but in the other two periods, it lost some TEU. (4) Shenzhen and Ningbo ports have been the major winners interms of total shift since 1992.

Key words: Hirshmann-Herfindahl index, shift-share, coastal container port system, China