Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (1): 101-108.doi: 10.11821/xb200301012

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Landscape and Phenology of the Upper Reaches of the Luanhe River in the Yuan Dynasty

CUI Haiting1, WANG Wenjiang2   

  1. 1. Center of Geographical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Grassland Station of Zhenglan Qi, Xilingol League, Dondahote 027200, China
  • Received:2002-06-11 Revised:2002-11-02 Online:2003-01-25 Published:2003-01-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49871008


Historical information of landscape and phenology can be applied to reconstruction of ancient environment. In this paper we try to collect information of landscape and phenology from poems and articles of the Yuan Dynasty, and also use them to reconstruct the natural landscape in the upper reaches of the Luanhe River and its adjacent area. As above mentioned, data could be analyzed by using the method of physical geography and ecology. The authors suggest that there are five types of landscapes: (1) deciduous broad-leaved forest landscape in the western section of the Yanshan Mountains; (2) meadow steppe landscape in the edge and eastern part of the Inner Mongolia Plateau; (3) typical steppe landscape in the Zhangbei Plateau; (4) sparse forest steppe landscape in Hunshandake sandy land; and (5) wetland landscape on the lake shore and riverside. In addition, according to the comparison of plant phenology, the authors consider that the florescence was about 10 days earlier than the contemporary age in summer during the 1330s, and the first snow came about 10 days earlier than the contemporary age in winter during the mid-14th century.

Key words: the upper reaches of the Luanhe River, landscape, phenology, the Yuan Danasty