Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (3): 356-364.doi: 10.11821/xb200203012

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On the Development of Market Clusters of China

SHI Yishao   

  1. Department of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2001-09-29 Revised:2001-12-26 Online:2002-05-25 Published:2002-05-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49801005

Abstract:

The rising of market clusters is becoming a new landscape of market economic development of China in the early 21st century. In the present study, the features of market clusters are firstly summed up, i.e., centralized trading activities, large trading scope and remarkable scale economic benefit; complete sets of leading industries and dominant commodities; powerful inner links and derivative effects; definite marketing division of labour and notable aggregated benefit; vast areas of market convergence and divergence. Secondly, the dynamic mechanism of formation and evolution of market clusters is revealed, including the mechanism of spatial extension, differentiation and integration of specialized markets, the mechanism of coupling and joint motion of specialized markets and distinctive local industries, the mechanism of extension and aggregation between industrial chains and consumer chains. Thirdly, by means of comparison of the features of merchants' behavioral patterns, e.g. patterns of shift, sources of funds, means of transport, characteristics of management, objective choices, behavioral standards, degree of division of labour, relations between production and consumption, competition and cooperation, patterns of spatial extension and so on, it is shown that market clusters possess a series of advantages over isolated markets. Therefore, the interrelated and promoting effects of market clusters must be attached great importance to and brought into full play in the course of regional economic development. Fourthly, the network extension effects of market clusters on accelerating the integration of economic globalization with economic localization are pointed out. Finally, the sustainable development of traders should be emphasized so as to maintain the continued development of market clusters. The following suggestions should be focused on: (1) to establish "the centers of showing the solicitude and services for traders"; (2) to build up the credit network of traders; (3) to perfect the rules and regulations of levying and supervising taxes; (4) to accelerate the implementation of "the plan of traders' training"; and (5) to make great efforts to improve the level and quality of services for traders.

Key words: market clusters, dynamic mechanism, behavioral patterns, spatial extension effects, sustainable development of traders, China