Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (2): 135-142.doi: 10.11821/xb200202002

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Spatial Characteristics of Suburbanization and Its Developing Strategies in Beijing

ZONG Yue-guang1, ZHOU Shang-yi1, ZHANG Zhen-shi1, GUO Rui-hua1, Chen Hong-chun2   

  1. 1. The Department of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. The Futian Branch,Planning and National Land Resources Bureau of Shenzhen, 518045, China
  • Received:2001-06-07 Revised:2001-11-26 Online:2002-03-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40171029

Abstract:

Centralization, Sub-urbanization, Counter-urbanization and Re-urbanization are the main phases in the life cycle of metropolis. Sub-urbanization is one of the most important stages in metropolitan development. There have been four tidal waves of sub-urbanization in western developed countries since the 1930s. The analyses of sub-urbanization in this paper provide some of conclusions supported by TM images in Beijing from 1985 to 2000 and GIS as well as 2000 samples of land developing markets from 1992 to 2000. There were multi-growth patterns in urban spatial growth from the analysis. At the same time, by studying the Beijing's spatial extension pattern in central urban area in different periods, five growth or diffusion types were identified. The analysis indicates that excessive land use transformation from rural area to urban area was the result of distinct center and corridor effects. This paper analyses the corridors' extension volume, extension velocity and variant tendency of urban landscape on several directions. Finally, it is illustrated that three concentrated regions, eight developing sectors and six radiate corridors have been or will be formed from 2000 to 2010. Moreover, this paper brings forward the idea of incorporating the system of natural corridors into the Beijing's metropolitan planning, namely to form a star-shaped scattering-group pattern in which artificial corridors and natural corridors are alternately distributed in order to effectively prevent built-up area from massive growth and to meet the sound environmental needs of 2008 Olympic Games.

Key words: metropolis, suburbanization, urban land use, Beijing