Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (3): 345-352.doi: 10.11821/xb200103011

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Paleoclimatic and Paleoenvironmental Changes in Southern Xinjiang during Historical Period

ZHONG Wei1, XIONG Hei gang1, TASHPOLAT稵iyip1, HIROKI Takmura2, SHU Qiang 1   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Rissho University, Tokyo, Japan
  • Received:2000-10-10 Revised:2000-12-12 Online:2001-05-15 Published:2001-05-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49761007;Great Base Project of China,No.G1999043508;Key member of College teacher supported project of China Education Ministry;Science Foundation of Education Ministry,Japan

Abstract: Based on synthetic researches of multi index geological records of Niya section, which are of high resolution in southern margin of the Tarim Basin, together with other geologic records in southern Xinjiang, this paper has reconstructed the history of paleoclimatic changes in this region since about 4 0 ka BP) During the last 4000 years, the area of southern Xinjiang has experienced alternations of relative cold wet and relative warm dry periods Three evident cold wet periods and three warm dry periods are identified (1)Relative cold wet period (4000 3450 a BP) Multi geologic index and pollen assemblege in the layer of Niya profile shows the characters of aridity (2)Relative warm dry period(3450 2500 a BP) The period corresponds to the Shang, Western Zhou dynasties and Spring and Autumn Period The result of study shows that this period is a relative warm dry period (3)Relative cold wet period(2500 1900 a BP) The phase likely corresponds to the Warring States, Qin and Han dynasties The peaks of the curves of geochemical element ratios, δ 13 C and Xlf, as well as A/C all indicate a relative wet character, and coincides with the research results of other areas in Xinjiang (4)Relative warm dry period in climate(1900 1400 a BP) The phase corresponds to the later part of the Western Han Dynasty and most of the Wei and Jin as well as Northern and Southern Dynasties The changes of the geochemical element ratios,δ 13 C and Xlf all display evident warm dry characters (5)Relative cold wet period in climate(about 1400 1000 a BP) The period includes Sui and Tang dynasties (581 907AD) and early Song Dynasty Although several slight cold wet and warm dry fluctuations appeared, it was mainly cold wet in climate, the paleoclimate began to be desiccated in the later period (6)Relative warm dry period in climate(1000 a BP present).

Key words: southern Xinjiang, historical times, paleoclimatic evolution

CLC Number: 

  • P532