Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (3): 323-331.doi: 10.11821/xb200103009

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The Paleosol and the Migration of Climatic Zone about 500 ka BP in Loess Plateau, Shaanxi Province

ZHAO Jing bo   

  1. Department of Geography, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
  • Received:2000-05-06 Revised:2000-12-16 Online:2001-05-15 Published:2001-05-15
  • Supported by:
    In ternational Geological Correlation Program,No. IGCP379,key project of Shaanxi Normal University,No.SNU 27 and the key project of Ministry of Land and Resources,No.9501104

Abstract: It is discovered through field investigations that the illuvium of CaCO 3 in the 5th layer of paleosol in Changwu and Xi’an does not get in touch with the bottom of clay grouting layer but lies in loess which is 0 5~2 3 m deep under the bottom of clay grouting layer, and the red ferruginous clay film also migrated to the mother loess It is indicated that CaCO 3 and Fe 2O 3 migrated out of the paleosol, the paleosol has the character of acid elevation and at least the weathering had already been in the middle of the chemical weathering process at that time The weathered loess layer (Cs) with ferruginous film and weathered loess layer (Cl) without ferruginous film were discovered under the bottom of the 5th layer of paleosol in Changwu and Xi’an, and the light red brown weathered loess layer (Cf) with ferruginous concretion was discovered under the bottom of 5th paleosol in Xi’an Generally, the content of CaCO 3 is less than 0 5% in weathered loess layers, and the content of clay grains, Fe 2O 3 and Al 2O 3 is higher in weathered loess layers than in the unweathered loess layer, which indicates that each of the weathered loess layer had experienced chemical weathering to a certain extent The material shows that the 5th layer of paleosol in Changwu and Xi’an has the character of subtropical soil and its profile construction is Bts Cs Cl Bk C in Changwu and is Bts Cf Cs Bk C in Xi’an The content of smalite takes 8% 9% in the clay film of the 5th layer of paleosol in Xi’an, the sporo pollen of some subtropical Liquidambar and Castanoposis appear in the paleosol in Changwu, which points out that the 5th paleosol developed in subtropical climate Six indexes, removed depth of Fe 2O 3 and CaCO 3, deep weathered loess layers and sporo pollen and so on, indicate that the subtropical climate migrated to the middle area of Loess Plateau at about 500 ka BP, mean annual precipitation was 850~900 mm in Changwu area and was about 1 100 mm in Xi’an area According to the obvious increase of the precipitation at about 500 ka BP and 100 ka BP ascertained by the author, after eliminating the effect of the new tectogenesis, it can be drawn that in interglacials which was obviously warmer than today.

Key words: Loess Plateau, character of paleosol, migration of chemical composition, deep weathered layers, migration of climatic zone

CLC Number: 

  • P532