Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1997, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (S1): 152-160.doi: 10.11821/xb1997S1017

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Wong Koon Kwai   

  1. Geography Department, Hang Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
  • Online:1997-12-15 Published:1997-12-15

Abstract: Although Hong Kong is one of the most crowded city in the world, yet about three-quar-ters of its land area is countryside. A wide variety of animal and plant life can be found in the territory, especially in the "New Territories". Many rural areas, with green hillsides and wooded valleys, remain virtually untouched by the rapid urban development of the past two decades. These areas provide the basis for the development of nature conservation system in Hong Kong. When properly preserved and managed, Hong Kong still be able to contribute substantially to the maintenance of biodiversity of the territory. Nature conservation programs started only in the mid-70s when the Country Parks Ordinance was enacted in 1976 to provide a legal framework for the designation, development and management of country parks and spe-cial areas. To date, Hong Kong has 22 country parks, 14 special areas and 58 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Together, they cover about 40% of the land area of Hong Kong. Moreover,the Marine Parks Ordinance,enacted in May 1995, provides the necessary statutory powers for the designation and management of marine parks and marine reserves in Hong Kong. However, in recent years, the integrity of our the existing country parks and other conservation areas are increasingly threatened by encroaching deveclopment projects. This pa-per first discusses the variety of the physical environment and the biodiversity of Hong Kong. It then examines the development of conservation policies and programs and the crisis con-fronting nature conservation in recent years. Finally, the paper reviews recent survey findings about the ecological consciousness of Hongkongers and the implications of the findings for the nature conservation development of the territory.

Key words: Key words biodiversity, natural conservation, country park, ecological consciousness, conservation policy

CLC Number: 

  • F127