Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1997, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (4): 300-307.

### A DISCUSSION ON THE ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS IN THE COAL MINING AREAS IN CHINA

Wei Chaoyang1, Zhang Licheng1, He Shujin1, Zhao Guijiu 2

1. 1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
2. Bureau of Coordination Development for Nature & Society, CAS, Beijing 100864
• Received:1996-01-01 Revised:1996-09-01 Online:1997-07-15 Published:1997-07-15

Abstract: Based on some reported statistical data, this paper summarizes the general conditions of the eco-environment in coal mining areas in China. The general characteristics of the eco environment in coal mining areas in China are also concluded. It is pointed out that there exist three kinds of antinomies on this issue: 1) region with large extent of coal exploitation owning large population but little cultivated land in northern China; 2) region rich in coal resources but with fragile ecosystem in northwestern China; 3) dispersion of coal exploitation with heavy pollution in the broad southern China. The major existing problems on the management of the eco environment in the coal mining areas in China are as follows: 1) irrational distribution of mining areas and absence of rational eco environmental planning; 2) inperfections in policy and law; 3) passive and unitary conditions in the management of eco environment; 4) uncontrollable expolitation of the small coalpits; 5) deficiency in research, which results in the blindness in the management. 5 strategies are put forward on the comprehensive management of the eco environment in coal mining areas in China: 1) adjusting the industrial structure in order to strengthen the economy of mining areas and ensure ecological management and restoration with economical development; 2) setting up experimentations and demonstrations in various regions in China; 3) carrying out land reclamation and waste utilization; 4) extending clean coal technology; 5) accelerating the establishing speed of environmental policies and laws.

CLC Number:

• X322