Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1996, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (3): 272-282.doi: 10.11821/xb199603010

Previous Articles    


Andrew M.Marton   

  1. Departmeny of Geography,University of British Columbia ,Vancouver,Canada
  • Received:1995-05-01 Online:1996-05-15 Published:1996-05-15

Abstract: The distinction between city and countryside in China’s spatialeconomic structure is disintegrating as industrial development in urban and rural regions are complimenting and infiltrating each other.A complex multiplicity of factors are examined to determine how they have influenced the spatial proliferation of non-agricultural activity in Kunshan at the edge of Shanghai.Analysis of the conditions and circumstances of rural industrial development peculiar to the region reveals certain contradictions.Although it may be sensible,even locate industry based on the factors highlighted in the conventional models of industrial location.local level realities militate against this.Thus the conventional wisdom of established theories of industrial development and urbanization does not adequately explain the emergence of certain relatively productive "mega-urban "regions.The resulting theoretical reformulations have culminated in a framework for planning and policy formation embedded in the concept of“metrofitting”.This artical critically evaluates metrofitting in the context of the spatial economic transformation observed in the lower Chang Jiang delta.Findings from recent field investigations fundamentally challenge assumptions regarding the processes which underlye this transformation. More appropriate regional development strategies are therefore.suggested.Moreover the analysis demonstraies that general conclusions about China’s mega-urban regions must rest upon a detailed understanding of the mechanisms of local economic change.

Key words: rural urbanization, regional development, urban geography

CLC Number: 

  • F299.27