Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1994, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (3): 203-213.doi: 10.11821/xb199403002

Previous Articles     Next Articles


Fan Jie, Li Wenyan, Wu Wei   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Online:1994-05-15 Published:1994-05-15

Abstract: The Bohai Sea Rimland (BSR) includes Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities and Hebei. Liaoning and Shandong Provinces. Compared with other regions of China, this region’s comparative advantages are mainly: (1) the national political and scientific and technological center and the most important hub of information, finance and transportation and communication: (2) the superior combination of mineral resources and sound foundation of iron and steel industry, petro-chemical and saltbased chemical industry, heavy-duty machinery industry and textile industry. However, the current regional industrial structure is still in the lower stage of economic development and the industrial allocation needs to be improved by making full use of the locational advantage of coastal belt.Through a comparative analysis between Central Liaoning and East Shandong, it can be seen that the latter as the most vigorous developing area in BSR has exceeded the former in terms of total industrial output value. The main reason is that the big difference between these two region’s industrial systems has led to a different intensity of opening to the outside world and different features of external input/output linkages.The coastal belt, occupying 32% of BSR’s population, contributed 38. 6% of BSR’s GNP and 41. 2 % of the industrial output value in 1990.It is a fundamental and strategic measure to make the coastal belt of BSR an agglomerated zone with a strong economic power and a forward position in the north part of China in enhancing economic and technological exchange and cooperation with foreign countries. In the authors’ opinion.the implication of its sustainable development are: (1)to intensify the role of various levels of central cities. particularly Tianjin, Dalian and Qingdao as the most important regional economic centers with international significance, (2) to develop the economy of low-valley areas in coastal belt. mainly the Liaohe River Delta. West Coast of Bohai Sea and Yellow River delta. (3) to plan and implement the allocation of Sea-oriented industries and (4) to form a Bohai-Sea coastal industrial zone by rational use of coastal line according to marine-economic regionalization.The key points of the industrial development strategy of the BSR include: a) to Learn from the good experience of south coastal China, to increase the dynamics of the opening door policy of the coastal areas of the BSR, to develop new patterns of opening door to the outside world. b) to eastblish water-saving industrial zonesl; c) to speed up the development of marine resources and marine industrial group; d) to speed up the development of the tertiary industry. new and high-tech industries. engineering and electronics industries marinly automobiles, integrity of mechanical, electronics, and instrument-making industries including numerical controlled machine tool, precision machine tool, and automatic. intelligent apparatus and instruments. large complete sets of equipments and heavy machine making industries Concerning metallurgy. mine engineering, and petrochemical.investment-concentrated electronics industry including integrated circuit, computer, and so on.

Key words: The Bohai Sea Rimland, Development, Industry, Coastal Area, Upgrade