Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1993, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (6): 481-490.doi: 10.11821/xb199306001

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THE CHANGE OF REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE REGIONAL GROWTH AND SPECIALIZATION IN CHINA

Yang Kaizhong   

  1. Dept. of Geography, Peking University, 100871
  • Online:1993-11-15 Published:1993-11-15

Abstract: Since 1979 , regional industrial structure in China has entered a drastically changing era. In this paper,I have mode a systematic research on the characteristics of the variation and its effect on the regional growth and specialization,and revealed aome rules and trends. They ate mainly as follows:1. In most regions,the variation level of industrial structure is higher than the national level,but because of the differences of per captia income and locational and the structural characteristics in each regions,the variation shower obvious geographic difference. In the South,the East and the West of China , the variation is larger , whereas in the North and the Middle , it is smaller. The variation direction of industrial structure tends to be similar. The status of heavy industry ascended,but the status of mining,raw materials and light industries descended in most of the regions. Regional industry trends to persue higher additional value and the status of heavy processing industry is ascending compared to other processing industries. 2. There is a beneficial structural adjustment in regions such as Guangdong,Jiangsu,Fu jian,Hebei,Anhui,Hunan, Shaanxi,Zhejiang,Gansu,Yunnan and Sichuan during 1980一1990,and these regions have gained economic growth. While the adjustment in other regions is relatively unbenefical,and they have losed economic growth. 3. The status of each region in geographic division of labour is changed with the variation of regional industrial structure. An geographic labour division pattern is preliminarily formed.

Key words: regional industrial structure, regional growth, regional specialization, China