Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (4): 961-979.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202304012

• Transportation and Tourism Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatiotemporal coupling relationship and influencing factors of China's tourism industry organization

WANG Zhaofeng(), XIE Jialiang   

  1. Tourism College, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China
  • Received:2021-08-18 Revised:2022-06-29 Online:2023-04-25 Published:2023-06-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971188);Construction Program For Domestic First-class Cultivation Disciplines of Hunan Province(5010002)


Against the background of the industrial transformation and upgrading, the coupling coordination concerning the scale, structure, and efficiency of the tourism industry is conducive to rationally optimizing its productivity, quality, and efficiency. There is great theoretical and practical significance in understanding the evolution characteristics and its factors influencing the high-quality development of the regional tourism industry. This study constructed an analysis framework regarding the coupling coordination relationship among scale, structure, and efficiency. The spatiotemporal dynamics characteristics and factors influencing the coupling coordination of scale, structure, and efficiency in China's tourism industry were studied from 2011 to 2019. The methods used to achieve this included the modified coupling coordination model, the Local Indicators of Spatial Auto-correlation (LISA) time path, spatiotemporal transition, and spatiotemporal weighted regression. The results show that: (1) The level of coupling coordination of the scale, structure, and efficiency of tourism industry in China showed a significant increasing trend, with the ranking of the regions in terms of this level being Easter Area> Central Area> Northeastern Area > Western Area. Moreover, a trend of a gradual increase in spatial diffusion was also evident. (2) There was an overall small range of fluctuation of local spatial structure and spatial dependence within the level of coupling coordination of scale, structure, and efficiency of tourism industry in China, whereas there was strong spatial integration. In addition, the structure of local spatial correlation was relatively stable and there were obvious transfer inertia and path dependence, particularly in the Northeastern and Western Areas. (3) Scientific and technological innovation, urbanization, and transportation facilities have all had significant positive impacts on the level of coupling coordination of the scale, structure, and efficiency of tourism industry in China. Furthermore, government regulation and industrial structure will play an increasingly important role in promoting the Central and Western Areas, while human capital will have a strong positive impact on the Eastern Area.

Key words: tourism industry scale, tourism industry, tourism industry efficiency, coupling coordination, spatiotemporal transition, driving factors