Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (3): 572-586.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202303005

• Theoretical and Methodological Exploration • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A review on poverty geography research and disciplinary paradigm in China

LIU Xiaopeng1,2(), FENG Kangli1, WEI Yuxi1, CUI Yunxia1, JIANG Chunmei1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    2. Research Center of Rural Revitalization Strategy, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
  • Received:2021-12-13 Revised:2023-02-13 Online:2023-03-25 Published:2023-03-27
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071230);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41761025)


China's success in poverty reduction has a worldwide impact. This paper reviewed the characteristics and academic contributions of China's poverty geography research, and summarized its disciplinary paradigm. This study has an important disciplinary value for geographical research on relative poverty and effective link of poverty alleviation achievements with rural revitalization. Based on the data in CNKI and a core database in Web of Science from 1988 to 2020, the knowledge map analysis of China's poverty geography literatures was presented through CiteSpace6.1.R2. Results show that: (1) With the increasing practice of poverty reduction, China's poverty geography research has gradually increased in the number of publications, institutions and authors, indicating that poverty geography research is driven by demand; (2) Due to the differences in urban and rural poverty reduction policies, China's rural poverty geography and urban poverty geography have developed distinctive research patterns, reflecting the urban-rural duality in poverty geography research; (3) In response to the adjustment of poverty reduction policies and the transformation of the main social contradictions, the paradigm of poverty geography research has undergone a change in China; (4) Under the framework of the disciplinary paradigm of geography, the poverty geography research is considered to be the common field of development geography and poverty geography. Development geography aims to construct the poverty reduction process, method and decision-making, while poverty geography focuses on deconstructing poverty process, method and decision-making. These "disciplines" share a common research basis in addition to diverse academic discourse expressions.

Key words: China, poverty geography, development geography, poverty geography, disciplinary paradigm