Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (8): 2083-2096.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202208016

• Geopolitics andWorld Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolution of spatial organization pattern of economic cooperation between Heilongjiang of China and Far East of Russia

LI Xiaoling1,6(), LIU Zhigao2,3(), TAN Shuang1, XIU Chunliang4, HE Hongshi5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographical Processes and Ecological Security in Changbai Mountains, Ministry of Education, School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. College of Jang Ho Architecture, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169, China
    5. School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri 65211, USA
    6. Institute for Northeast China Research, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2021-09-13 Revised:2022-04-06 Online:2022-08-25 Published:2022-10-25
  • Contact: LIU Zhigao;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801108);Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA19040403);Key projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630749)


Since China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013, transborder economic cooperation has received increasing attentions. The existing studies have focused on the geopolitical environments and the contents of cooperation, but few have examined the historical evolution of the spatial organization models of transborder economic cooperation. This study aims to fill the gap to explore the evolutionary process of the spatial organization models of transborder economic cooperation between China and Russia. Taking Heilongjiang Province of China and the Far East of Russia as a case, we proposed a novel framework for understanding trans-border economic cooperation from multi-scalar perspective, based on Brenner's New Nation Space theory. Our results reveal that the spatial organization pattern of China-Russia trans-border economic cooperation since the 1990s has experienced three evolutionary stages: transborder trade-based stage in the 1990s, overseas industrial park-based stage between 2000 and 2013, and transport corridor-oriented stage from 2013 to present. After the borders in Heilongjiang were gradually opened in the late 1980s, Sino-Russian transborder trades entered into a rapid development stage. After the mid-1990s, disputes and crises emerged in the transborder economic cooperation pattern propelled by border trade, which led to a new round of reshaped cooperation pattern of industrial parks established by Chinese enterprises. After 2013, the new mode of transportation corridor-oriented cooperation emerged because of the multi-scalar and multi-dimensional reorganization in order to respond to the crisis of the old pattern. The evolution suggests that there is a certain degree of historical dependence between the new and old patterns. This study extends the theory of New Nation Space and provides scientific basis for promoting high-quality development of transborder cooperation between China and Russia.

Key words: transborder economic cooperation, spatial organization pattern, multi-scale, Far East of Russia, Heilongjiang Province