Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (8): 1851-1872.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202208002

• Disciplinary Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The key fields and action suggestions of geography participating in the construction of Healthy China

GONG Shengsheng1,2(), WANG Wuwei1,3, YANG Linsheng4, CHAI Yanwei5, ZHOU Suhong6, HUANG Lei7, WANG Lan8, CHENG Yang9, GE Miao10, LUO Yongjun11   

  1. 1. Institute of Sustainable Development, Central China Normal University, School of Urban and Environmental Science, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis and Simulation of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China
    3. Department of Geography and Planning, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    6. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    7. State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    8. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
    9. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    10. Institute of Health Geography, School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    11. Department of Military Medical Geography, Army Medical Service Training Base, Army Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China
  • Received:2021-11-01 Revised:2022-07-10 Online:2022-08-25 Published:2022-10-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41171408);National Social Science Foundation of China(21VJXT015);Natural Science Foundation of Hubei(2016CFA026);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central China Normal University(2020YBZZ003)


The interaction between health and environment is the most essential man-land relationship. Geography plays a significant role in the construction of Healthy China. It can provide path guidance based on development strategy, process evaluation and policy orientation, theoretical guidance based on man-land relationship harmony and spatial system optimization, and practical guidance based on healthy life, health service, health environment, health security and health industry layout. Combining the disciplinary characteristics of geography and the five key areas of the construction of Healthy China, geography could play a unique part in the 18 aspects, including sub-disciplines of health geography, tourism geography, economic geography, urban geography, behavioral geography, population geography, information geography, social geography, cultural geography, rural geography, and environmental geography. First, it promotes healthy life in areas of regional residents' health literacy, living style, and spatio-temporal behavior, as well as regional population mental health. Secondly, it improves healthy service in areas of disadvantaged people health service, major diseases prevention and control, and sustainable health in key regions. Thirdly, it constructs an environment in areas of healthy eco-environmental construction, healthy climate change response, environmental health risk detection, healthy urban and rural environmental construction, and healthy cultural landscape construction. Next, it enhances healthy protection in areas of geographic information system (GIS), optimization of medical resource allocation, healthy services accessibility, and fairness. Finally, it develops healthy industry in areas of development of local medicine and traditional Chinese medical industry, healthy tourism and entertainment, optimization of senior care, maternal and infant industry. However, nowadays, the contribution of geography in building the Healthy China is limited because of the following reasons: (1) weak basis for health geography; (2) lack of strong sense of participation; and (3) lack of policy support from geographical organization. In the future, more research should be focused on problem-oriented and policy-oriented geographical theory, empirical and policy research, health promotion research of deep integration of geographic technology and thinking, and systematic guidance and policy support for geographers to participate in the construction of Healthy China.

Key words: Healthy China construction, geography participation, health geography, key fields, action suggestions