Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (5): 1041-1055.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202205001

• Academician Forum •     Next Articles

Building natural resources surveying and monitoring technological system: Direction and research agenda

CHEN Jun1(), WU Hao1(), ZHANG Jixian2, WANG Donghua1, LIAO Anping3, LIU Wanzeng1, ZHANG Jun1, MIAO Qianjun4, FENG Wenli4, LU Weihua4   

  1. 1. National Geomatics Center of China, Beijing 100830, China
    2. National Quality Inspection and Testing Center for Surveying and Mapping Products, Beijing 100830, China
    3. Sanya Surveying and Mapping Technology Development Service Training Center, Ministry of Natural Resources of China, Sanya 572000, Hainan, China
    4. Department of Investigation and Monitoring, Ministry of Natural Resources of China, Beijing 100812, China
  • Received:2022-02-11 Revised:2022-04-26 Online:2022-05-25 Published:2022-07-25
  • Contact: WU Hao E-mail:chenjun@ngcc.cn;wuhao@ngcc.cn
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41930650);Strategic Consulting Project of Chinese Academy of Engineering(2021-XY-5);Operational Project of Ministry of Natural Resources

Abstract:

Designing and building up the natural resources surveying and monitoring technological system (referred to as the "Technological System") is an important measure to establish and improve the natural resources management, promote the intensive and economical utilization of natural resources, and harmonize the coexistence between man and nature. It is a geo-science related research project with many complicated factors and challenging tasks. Following the mandates and requirement of the unified natural resources surveying and monitoring, the paper firstly analyzes the basic problems in designing and building up the "Technological System" from the holistic characteristics of the surveying and monitoring process and the systematic characteristics of its engineering implementation. A comprehensive overall framework of "Technological System" is resulted and discussed. Then the development direction of "Technological System" is proposed and analyzed, including the collaborative data sensing, automatic information processing, elaborative natural resource scene modeling and management, as well as intelligent knowledge service. Then the article discusses the digital-intelligent realization path of the "Technological System" to meet the advanced and practical requirement. It has led to the formulation of the future research agenda with five major research and development tasks, including the development of space-sir-ground-ocean-web collaborative sensing network system, construction of automatic information processing platform, spatio-temporal scene modeling of natural resources, development of spatio-temporal knowledge service of natural resources, and reconstruction of engineering technical flow. In the future, it is necessary to strengthen the strategic needs analysis, enhance key technologies innovation and promote interdisciplinary collaboration in order to effectively build up the "Technological System" and promote its operational application.

Key words: natural resources, surveying and monitoring, collaborative data acquisition, automatic processing, scene management, knowledge service