Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (1): 16-34.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202201002

• Climate Change and Cryosphere Culture Service • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special regionalization of cryosphere culture service in China

WANG Shijin1,2(), XU Xinwu2,3, DOU Wenkang4, QIN Dahe1,2()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
    4. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2021-06-02 Revised:2021-12-27 Online:2022-01-25 Published:2022-03-25
  • Contact: QIN Dahe E-mail:wangshijin@lzb.ac.cn;qdh@cma.gov.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41690143);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41721091)

Abstract:

Drawing on the theories and methods of China's cryosphere service regionalization, physical and human geography regionalization, this paper integrates the components of China's cryosphere (glaciers, frozen soil and snow cover) and its social and cultural elements (nationalities, history, settlements, tourism culture and administrative divisions) and puts forward a special regionalization scheme of Chinese cryosphere culture service oriented by "cultural service+cultural industry+economic development" by using the methods of similarity and difference, comprehensiveness and dominance, hierarchy and logic, spatial continuity and administrative boundary. Based on spatial clustering method and the expert judgment, Chinese cryosphere culture divisions can be identified into five regions, namely, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau glacier-frozen soil- snow cover-culture region, northwestern China glacier - snow cover culture region, northeastern China frozen soil- snow cover culture region, northern China snow cover culture region and southern China snow cover culture region. According to the heterogeneity of culture and region, the five regions can be divided into 12 subcategories and 51 basic types. The thematic regionalization scheme is in good agreement with the spatial distribution of the cryosphere and the comprehensive regionalization of physical geography and human geography, which reflects the interdependent relationship between natural elements of the cryosphere and cultural elements of the cryosphere region and the rules of regional spatial heterogeneity. This research can deepen the understanding of China's cryospheric cultural service and their spatial heterogeneity, and provides a scientific basis for the protection, inheritance and promotion of cryospheric culture, as well as the development of cryospheric tourism industry, and the operation and management of related industries in different regions.

Key words: cryosphere, culture service, special regionalization, geographical factor, regional spatial heterogeneity