Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (12): 3076-3089.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202112014

• Regional Development and Carbon Emissions • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The actor-network perspective on the reconstruction process and internal mechanism of typical Taobao villages in the Pearl River Delta region

YANG Ren()   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2020-12-20 Revised:2021-07-05 Online:2021-12-25 Published:2022-02-25
  • Supported by:
    Key-Area Research and Development Program of Guangdong Province(2020B0202010002);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871177);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171193);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801088)

Abstract:

Owing to the multiple influences of globalization, urbanization, industrialization, and informatization, rural regional space has experienced the process of reconstruction. Focusing on the analysis of the internal mechanism of rural reconstruction driven by the internet economy, this study selected Lirendong Village in Panyu District of Guangzhou, the most active Taobao trading village in the Pearl River Delta, as a typical case. We had an in-depth analysis of the process and internal mechanism of the reconstruction of typical Taobao villages in the Pearl River Delta metropolitan area through semi-structured interviews and the actor-network theory analysis framework. The study demonstrated that the key actors, such as local government, clothing workshop, village committee, e-commerce entrepreneurs, and social networks of fellow villagers, participate in the pursuit and realization of land value in the village according to their goal vision and action logic. Furthermore, these actors jointly evolve and construct the actor-network process of periodic industrial succession and spatial value accumulation in Taobao villages. The process has gone through the stage of agricultural decentralization led by the government, the industrialization stage dominated by the market, and the stage of e-commerce dominated by the social network of fellow towns people. Government subject, market subject, and social subject constitute the core driving force. They are linked together by providing benefits, and rural reconstruction practice is carried out according to the political, market, and elite logic. The reconstruction results in the change in spatial-social relations related to the changes in the dynamic mechanism. The reconstruction is realized through the reshaping of space and the change of value, from exogenous driving force leading to endogenous driving force exhibition, thus initiating a new cycle of the space reconstruction process.

Key words: rural development, rural reconstruction, actor network, Taobao village, rural revitalization, urbanization