Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (12): 2944-2963.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202112006

• Population and Urban Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial variation of migrant population's housing quality and its determinants in China's prefecture-level cities

WANG Yufan(), CHAI Kangni, ZHUO Yunxia, FENG Changchun()   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-09-10 Revised:2021-08-24 Online:2021-12-25 Published:2022-02-25
  • Contact: FENG Changchun E-mail:wangyufan@urban.pku.edu.cn;fcc@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771176);UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) The Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF)(ES/P011055/1)

Abstract:

Based on data from the 1% National Population Sample Survey 2015 and the 2014 China Migrant Population Dynamic Survey (CMDS), the paper selects four indicators to measure housing quality of the migrant population including floor area, housing facilities, construction period and living communities (urban or rural) and discusses the phenomenon about spatial differentiation of migrant populations' housing quality in 310 prefecture- and provincial-level cities in China, using GIS spatial analysis methods such as Moran's I coefficient and Getis-Ord Gi*. Besides, we investigate the influencing factors of migrant populations' housing quality. Some conclusions can be drawn as follows: (1) Compared with the local residents, the housing quality of the migrants is not that worse. (2) The spatial distribution of housing quality of migrant population presents marked spatial differentiation on cities of different levels and scales, population sizes and geographical divisions. (3) The results of spatial autocorrelation analysis demonstrate that there is a significant positive spatial correlation in the indicators of the migrant population's housing quality on a national scale, and identify the phenomenon of their spatial clustering and the centers of such spatial clustering. (4) The housing quality is influenced by both internal factors of migrant population and external factors of in-flow cities. (5) Population, economic development and the housing market play different roles in the housing quality of migrant population.

Key words: China, cities, migrant population, housing quality, spatial differentiation, influencing factor