Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (10): 2379-2390.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202110004

• Theoretical and Methodological Exploration • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Approaches and models of 'Beautiful Cryosphere' integration into regional development, China

YANG Jianping1(), HA Lin1(), KANG Yunjie2, XIAO Jie1, CHEN Hongju1,3, HE Qingshan1,3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2. College of Geographical Sciences, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, Shanxi, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-10-09 Revised:2021-04-30 Online:2021-10-25 Published:2021-12-25
  • Contact: HA Lin E-mail:jianping@lzb.ac.cn;hal213@126.com
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23060704)

Abstract:

The basic connotation of "Beautiful Cryosphere (BC)" is firstly discussed in the paper. After that, the relationship between BC and regional sustainable development is analyzed from two aspects of natural and social economy attributes of the cryosphere, and from two lines of cryospheric profit and harm. BC, regional social and economic development, and human well-being constitute the cryosphere and huaman social and economic complex destiny community. There are significant regional differences for cryosphere changes and their effects in China. Therefore, the Qilian Mountains-Hexi Corridor region, the Three Rivers Source Region (Yangtze, Yellow and Lancang rivers) over the Tibetan Plateau and the Great Shangri-La region are selected to represent the impact area of cryospheric water resources, the cryospheric disaster affected area, and cryospheric tourism economic zone, respectively. This paper mainly focuses on the core issues of cryospheric water resources services and oasis economy, snow disaster risk and animal husbandry development, ice and snow tourism and regional economy, analyzes in detail the approaches and models of BC integration into regional development from the perspective of cryosphere service and disaster risk. In arid and semi-arid inland areas, the cryosphere resources are integrated into the oasis social and economic development mainly through water conservation, water supply and runoff regulation services, so we built a cryosphric water resource-supported development model. In the alpine region of the Tibetan Plateau, cryospheric ecological environment determines the vulnerability of animal husbandry economy, and cryospheric hazards negatively affects the animal husbandry economy, which is a kind of cryospheric ecology-supported and cryospheric disaster-influenced development model. The cryospheric tourism economic zone that directly depends on ice and snow resources can develop ice and snow tourism, which is a kind of tourism economy-driven development model based on cryosphere resources.

Key words: "Beautiful Cryosphere", cryospheric water resources, cryospheric hazards, ice and snow economy, regional sustainable development, approaches and models