Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (9): 2104-2117.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202109005

• The Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Green Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The structure and characteristics of resident food consumption in rural areas of the Tibetan Plateau: Taking Three-Rivers Region in Tibet as an example

WANG Ling'en1(), GUO Jiaxin2, FENG Ling2, LUO Yanhua3, ZHANG Xianzhou1, FAN Yuzhi1, CHENG Shengkui1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Tourism Sciences, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
    3. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2020-12-07 Revised:2021-08-20 Online:2021-09-25 Published:2021-11-25
  • Contact: WANG Ling'en E-mail:wangle@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    The Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program(2019QZKK1002);National Natural Science Fundation(4217011372);National Natural Science Fundation(52081330093)

Abstract:

Resident food consumption is affected by factors such as the natural geographic environment and urbanization. At the same time, food consumption will affect regional food security and the development of agriculture and animal husbandry through market mechanisms. Taking the Yarlung Zangbo River and its two tributaries of Tibet (also known as Three-Rivers Region) as a typical case, this paper obtained the food consumption data of 262 rural residents by field surveys based on stratified sampling, and then analyzed the food consumption structure of the rural residents and its influencing factors in the Tibetan Plateau. The results indicated that: (1) The consumption of plant foods of the residents in the sample is 3.19 times that of animal foods, with vegetable and grain as the main plant food and meat and milk as the main animal food. And highland barley and highland barley liquor are important in the diet of Tibetans. (2) The scale and structure of food consumption of residents are closely related to the index of food self-sufficiency, and the characteristics of self-sufficient food consumption are significant. (3) Among different regions, family sizes, scales of migrant worker, income levels and family ages, the food consumption structure of residents varies, and the differences in the consumption of flour and fruits between different families are the most significant. (4) Regional differences, family sizes and migrant worker scales are the main factors that affect the comprehensive difference of food consumption in the sample rural areas. The research results of the paper can provide scientific basis and guidance suggestions for the improvement of food consumption structure, promotion of dietary nutrition and transformation and development of agriculture and animal husbandry in the Tibetan Plateau.

Key words: food consumption, consumption differences, influencing factor, multiple linear regression, Three-Rivers Region in Tibet