Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (8): 2016-2031.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202108014

• Transportation and Tourism Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Industrial structure of high-speed railway station areas under the influence of location: Empirical evidences from POI data

WANG Shaojian(), MO Huimin, LV Huini, XU Peiyao, YIN Haiqing   

  1. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Geo-simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2020-03-12 Revised:2021-07-08 Online:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871111);Guangdong Special Support Program;Pearl River S&T Nova Program of Guangzhou(201806010187)

Abstract:

High-speed railway (HSR) station is regarded as a new type of space for driving urban economic growth, and studying its surrounding industrial structure is of great significance to guide the development of HSR station areas. In this paper, nine HSR stations with different locations and different levels in China are selected as the research object. The Point of Interest (POI) information data of 10 industries within 3000 m around the HSR station are used as the research basis. Based on the Ripley's K function, kernel density estimation and industrial indexes, the characteristics of industrial distribution of HSR station areas in different locations are explored. Our result indicates that when the grade of high-speed rail stations is the same, the farther the high-speed rail stations are from the city center, the smaller the total number of industrial POIs in the station area. Among 10 kinds of industries, the number of POIs in four types of industry, namely, shopping services, catering services, life services and companies, is much larger than that of other industries. Secondly, all industries in the HSR station areas show a significant agglomeration within an observation distance of 1500 m. In terms of the industrial agglomeration degree, the change of the central station is relatively gentle, the change of the urban station is the highest, and the change range is greater, and the regularity of new-town station is not obvious. Thirdly, the industrial agglomeration area of the central station is mainly distributed in the range of 0-2500 m around the high-speed rail station, the industrial agglomeration area of??the urban station is more obvious in the range of 500-2500 m, and the industrial agglomeration area of the new-town station is concentrated in the ranges of 0-1500 m and 2000-3000 m. Fourthly, the basic service industry and derivative service industry are mainly concentrated in the inner and the middle circle layers, and the related service industries are mainly distributed in the middle and the outer circle layers. The compound characteristics of the industries in each circle layer are obvious, and the farther away from the city center, the weaker the radiation effect on the industry, the more obviously the trend of industry decays. Finally, based on the research findings, it is believed that the government should pay more attention to the intensification of land development and the integration of industrial development while developing the industries in HSR station areas.

Key words: HSR station area, location, POI data, industrial structure, rational exploitation