Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (8): 1865-1881.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202108004

• Industrial and Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The impacts of land misallocation on urban industrial green total-factor productivity in China

DENG Chuxiong1(), ZHAO Hao1, XIE Binggeng1, LI Zhongwu1, LI Ke2()   

  1. 1. School of Geographic Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2020-08-28 Revised:2021-07-08 Online:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-25
  • Contact: LI Ke E-mail:dcxppd@163.com;likekent1208@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(U19A2047);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71773028);Research Foundation of Education Bureau of Hunan Province, China(18A044)

Abstract:

This paper expands the resource misallocation model based on the effect of price distortion. It measures the green total-factor productivity (GTFP) loss of urban industry due to land misallocation and analyzes its spatial and temporal changes by using the industrial input-output data of 285 cities in China from 2004 to 2017. The main results are as follows: (1) Capital misallocation still plays the most important role in the urban industrial GTFP loss, followed by land misallocation (10.5%) and energy misallocation. (2) The characteristics of industrial GTFP loss in Chinese cities induced by land misallocation can be summarized as "initially a small decline, then a large increase, and finally a large decline". Overall, the urban industrial GTFP loss increased, ranging from 1.10% to 2.48%. A correction in land misallocation is expected to bring about a 2% increase of industrial GTFP among Chinese cities. The characteristics of urban industrial GTFP loss due to land misallocation in the eastern and central regions are similar as that at the national level, while the loss in the western region maintains a high value with a slight overall decline. The eastern region is at the forefront of China's urban industrial development, and its industrial GTFP loss due to land misallocation dominates changes at the national level. (3) The spatial pattern of urban industrial GTFP loss in China due to land misallocation is characterized by contiguous clustering. The number of provinces with higher- and high-grade urban industrial GTFP loss has increased, gradually clustering in the northern region, mainly in the Yellow River basin. The number of provinces with low- and medium-grade loss has decreased and are mainly concentrated in the Yangtze River basin and the eastern coastal region. The total variation in urban industrial GTFP loss due to land misallocation among Chinese cities has been narrowed. The unbalanced allocation efficiency of urban industrial land in the three regions is the fundamental cause for the contrasting loss in urban industrial GTFP from land misallocation. In particular, the unbalanced allocation efficiency of urban industrial land in the western region is the main reason. The collaborative regional development in recent years is conducive to bridging the gap in the allocation efficiency of urban industrial land among the three regions.

Key words: land misallocation, urban industry, green total-factor productivity (GTFP), industrial land, spatio-temporal changes, China