Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (5): 1136-1147.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202105007

• Climate Change and Land Surface Processes • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Theoretical paradigm for natural disaster-resilient society

WU Shaohong1,2(), GAO Jiangbo1, WEI Binggan1, ZHANG Jiquan3, GUO Guizhen4, WANG Jun5, DENG Haoyu1, LIU Lulu1, HE Shanfeng6, XU Erqi1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    4. National Disaster Reduction Center, Ministry of Emergency Management, Beijing 100124, China
    5. School of Geographical Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    6. School of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, Shandong, China
  • Received:2020-09-22 Revised:2021-03-31 Online:2021-05-25 Published:2021-07-25
  • Supported by:
    The National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFC1508801);The National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFC1508900);The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA19040304)

Abstract:

The change of global environment and the rapid development of economy have led to the increase of natural disasters, which have become one of the most serious environmental problems in modern human society. Facing the grim situation of natural disaster risk prevention and control, human society should be built strongly enough to deal with natural disaster risks. On the basis of "building a resilient society to reduce natural disaster risks", this paper focuses on analyzing the exact meaning of resilience, and interprets the connotation, composition and structure of natural disaster-resilient society through integrated hazard defense, damage recovery and emergency governance. The index system and quantitative characterization method of the natural disaster-resilient society was established to evaluate the situation of a natural disaster resilient-society in the case area. According to the differences between urban and rural areas, we designed pathways to build a natural disaster-resilient society. Then a theory paradigm of the natural disaster-resilient society, including concept-structure-index-approach, is systematically constructed. It is an inevitable option for human to build a natural disaster-resilient society, which is highly consistent with the sustainable socio-economic development. The research aims at promoting a comprehensive response to natural disaster risks, exploring ways to build a "stronger, safer and more sustainable" natural disaster-resilient society, supporting the transformation of national disaster prevention and reduction strategies, and implementing the "Nine Key Areas and Weak Links Projects".

Key words: natural disaster resilience, natural disaster-resilient society, theoretical paradigm, risk governance, construction strategy