Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (4): 939-954.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202104011

• Agricultural and Rural Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Transformation characteristics and development mechanism of typical agricultural settlement in Southern Hebei Plain since reform and opening-up

LI Zhi1,2(), LIU Jinsong1,2()   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    2. Hebei Technology Innovation Center for Remote Sensing Identification of Environmental Change, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
  • Received:2020-02-10 Revised:2020-12-12 Online:2021-04-25 Published:2021-06-25
  • Contact: LIU Jinsong E-mail:lizhi08@hebtu.edu.cn;ljslyx@sohu.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671138);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571164);Humanities and Social Sciences Financed by Ministry of Education(20YJCZH069);Hebei Provincial Natural Science Foundation(D2020205001);Universities' Humanities and Social Science Research Program of Hebei Province of China(SQ201140)

Abstract:

The scientific understanding of the transformation process and rules of agricultural settlement since the reform and opening-up after 1978 is very important to revitalizing and improving the agricultural economy and living condition. In this paper, we take a small village, Licheng, Ningjin County of Hebei Province as an example to explore the transformation process and development mechanism of agricultural settlement from settlement space, economic situation and social life since the reform and opening-up. In this case, some conclusions can be drawn as follows. (1) The total space of construction area increased significantly, with the gradual enlargement of residential space and the expansion of industrial land along the edge of the old village. Three stages have been identified, namely, slow development, rapid expansion, and high speed reconstruction. (2) With the continuous improvement of agricultural mechanization and farm products commercialization, the proportion of non-agricultural income increased gradually, indicating more and more commercial production and consumption in farmers' daily life. The transformation of village economic situation also has gone through three stages: agricultural livelihood stage, part-time agricultural and part-time non-agricultural livelihood stage, non-agricultural and part-time agricultural livelihood stage. (3) Due to the enlargement and reconstruction of social relation between villagers, the transformation of villagers' social life went through three stages: traditional rural life stage, separation of occupation and residence stage, and partly empty-nest elderly and partly empty-nest stage. (4) Natural endowment, behavior representatives (village committees, peasant households, and enterprises), urban-rural interaction, and policy environment respectively play roles of basic binding force, internal pushing force, external pulling force, and space-economy-society regulating force in the transformation of agricultural villages, which interact and jointly promote the transformation and development of agricultural settlements. A new concept of town and village co-community was proposed. It will provide a theoretical reference for implementing the strategy of rural revitalization and solving the dilemma of agricultural settlement transformation in China.

Key words: agricultural village, transformation characteristic, development mechanism, town and village co-community, Southern Hebei Plain, reform and opening-up