Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (2): 341-351.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202102007

• Population and Urban Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Driving factors and spatial distribution of proportional employment of disabled people in China

YUAN Dan1(), ZHU Chuangeng2(), CHEN Hanyu3   

  1. 1. School of Management, Nanjing Normal University of Special Education, Nanjing 210038, China
    2. Center for Urban and Regional Development Studies, Nanjing Sport Institute, Nanjing 210014, China
    3. School of Rehabilitation, Nanjing Normal University of Special Education, Nanjing 210038, China
  • Received:2019-09-01 Revised:2020-07-23 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25
  • Contact: ZHU Chuangeng E-mail:yuandan199310@163.com;zcg@nsi.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Natural Science Foundation of China(41671122);Jiangsu University Philosophy and Social Science Fund Project(2018SJA0648)

Abstract:

The employment of disabled people is one of the important indicators that guarantee social integration. In this paper, a spatial econometric model is used to make a systematic analysis of the impact of economic condition, government policies, level of education, and the degree of disability and rehabilitation service level of disabled persons on the employment level of disabled Chinese citizens. Using the Theil index and spatial autocorrelation analysis, this article comprehensively assesses the employment level and spatial differentiation characteristics of disabled people in China over the period 2011-2017. The results showed that, first, economic condition, government policies, and educational level of the disabled are positively correlated with the increase of their proportional employment, while the degree of disability showed a negative correlation with the employment rate. Second, the regional differences in the proportional employment level of disabled people were expanded to reveal the agglomeration characteristics. The Getis-Ord Gi* indicated that the distribution of hot and cold spots in the employment level of disabled people was uneven, and that the spatial dual structure was obvious. Third, the employment of disabled persons showed a distribution pattern of "three clusters and four zones", which was mainly a reflection of the decreasing trend in employment level from the eastern coastal region to the western inland region. The structure of the three major urban agglomerations, namely, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, Yangtze River Delta, and Pearl River Delta, which are also known as employment-intensive areas, showed a high degree of consistency. Fourth, accelerating the development of local economy, strengthening government support, and increasing educational opportunities for the disabled were suggested to enhance China's proportional employment of disabled people.

Key words: disabled people, proportional employment, spatial agglomeration, spatial econometric model, dynamic mechanism