Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2669-2683.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012009

• Discipline Development of IGSNRR, CAS: An 80th Anniversary Retrospective • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The development of field scientific observation and research stations (networks) and scientific data centers

LIAO Xiaohan1,2(), FENG Zhiming1, GAO Xing1,2, SUN Honglie1, SUN Jiulin1,2, YU Guirui1,3, DAI Erfu1,3, ZHAN Chesheng1,3, MA Zeqing1,3, YU Xiubo1,3, HE Honglin1,3(), YANG Yaping1,2, LIU Ronggao1,2, DAI Junhu1,4, LIU Chuang1, WANG Juanle1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Patternand Monitoring, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-10-29 Revised:2020-12-10 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: HE Honglin;


Since the establishment of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) 80 years ago, great attentions have been paid to the construction of field stations (networks) and scientific data centers. With establishment of four field observation research networks, IGSNRR has made notable success and led the construction and development of China's ecosystem research networks. Moreover, IGSNRR formed a unique field observation research platform and data sharing service platform, with two national scientific data centers and one CAS data center, as well as two national field observation and research stations and one CAS field research station. (1) This article reviewed the developmental history of Chinese (National) Ecosystem Research Network (CERN/CNERN), Chinese terrestrial ecosystem flux observation and research network (ChinaFLUX), Chinese Phenological Observation Network (CPON), Yucheng Station, Lhasa Station, Qianyanzhou Station, National Earth System Science Data Center (NESSDC), National Ecosystem Science Data Center (NESDC) and Resource and Environmental Science and Data Center. (2) The stations (networks) of the IGSNRR have grown from scratch and kept growing to be stronger, which have led the development of field observation research in China, and well supported the outcomes of important scientific achievements in geography and ecology, etc. The capacities of scientific and technological support as well as demonstration-promotion in our networks have been greatly improved, which strongly supports the construction of ecological civilization in the North China Plain, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the southern mountainous and hilly areas. The networks of IGSNRR have become the largest scientific data center among the fields of earth system science, resources and environment science, and field station networks in China, with remarkable achievements in data sharing services and extensive influence both at home and abroad. (3) In the future, IGSNRR will give full play to the role of comprehensive center in field stations (networks), strengthen the construction capacity of observation and research networks such as ecosystem carbon and water flux, phenology, etc., and steadily improve the ability of condition guarantee for field observation and research stations, as well as of the data collection, analysis, mining, and sharing ability for scientific data centers. With these improvements, the networks of IGSNRR will continuously promote and lead the sharing of scientific data in China, make greater contributions to support scientific research and national needs.

Key words: Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, observation and research network, field station, data center, development history, achievements and prospects of construction