Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2547-2569.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012002

• Discipline Development of IGSNRR, CAS: An 80th Anniversary Retrospective • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Innovative development and prospect of physical geography

LIU Changming1,2(), ZHENG Du1,3, CUI Peng1,3, GE Quansheng1,3, LIU Jiyuan1,3, WU Shaohong1,3(), TANG Qiuhong1,2, SONG Xianfang1,2, YANG Linsheng1,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-10-27 Revised:2020-11-29 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: WU Shaohong;
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41530749)


Physical geography (PG) has always been the core discipline of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGSNRR, CAS) since its establishment in 1940. It aims to serve the grand needs of national development. PG has made significant scientific and technological achievements and progress in the fields of comprehensive physical geography, climatology, geomorphology, hydrology, soil geography, biogeography, chemical geography, etc. These achievements have set up the worldwide priority status of PG, and made great contributions to the scientific and technological innovation, regional sustainable economic and social development. This paper reviews the innovative development of PG in the IGSNRR, summarizes the academic achievements and landmark progress, and looks forward to the future development strategy. Four key points are presented including the interaction mechanism of land surface elements-process, the dynamics of land surface pattern, the comprehensive integration and simulation of process of land surface system, and the sustainable paradigm and regulation mechanism of orderly human activities of land surface system.

Key words: physical geography, innovative development, achievements, development strategy, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research