Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (11): 2431-2442.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202011012

• Ecological Civilization and Sustainable Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of "Ecological Province" construction oncarbon emission reduction in China

WANG Guixin1,2(), LI Gang1,2   

  1. 1. School of Social Development and Public Policy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    2. Institute of Population Research, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-04-15 Revised:2020-08-19 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Social Science Fund(10ZD&032)


To explore the holistic governance of ecological environmental protection, China has started up a pilot project of "Ecological Province" construction since 1999. This is an important measure taken by the Chinese government to improve the ecological environment. Does this project affect carbon emissions? Answering this question can help us learn about the true effects of the "Ecological Province" construction project. Based on the provincial-level panel data from 2000 to 2015 in China, this paper focuses on exploring the effects using the methods of the quasi-natural experiment and counterfactual test. Moreover, this study tries to test the robustness of the effects using the methods of multi-stage DID model, propensity score matching-difference in difference model (PSM-DID model). The results show that: (1) "Ecological Province" construction project has a significant and robust effect on carbon emission reduction. (2) Its mechanism depends on several channels, including impeding the economic growth, protecting ecological environment and adjusting the industrial structure. (3) Nevertheless, there still exist some problems such as the regional disparity of implementing the project, the backward development of ecological industry and the lack of ecological innovation and technological progress. This study can provide a scientific basis for popularizing the experience of "Ecological Province" construction and promoting its effect on carbon emission reduction.

Key words: "Ecological Province" construction, carbon emission reduction, DID model, PSM-DID model, mechanism analysis