Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (9): 1799-1830.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202009001

• Frontiers in Geographical Sciences •     Next Articles

Progress of applied research of physical geography and living environment in China from 1949 to 2019

CHEN Fahu1,2,3(), WU Shaohong3,4,5(), CUI Peng2,3,6, CAI Yunlong7, ZHANG Yili2,3,4,5, YIN Yunhe4,5, LIU Guobin8, OUYANG Zhu3,4, MA Wei9, YANG Linsheng3,4,5, WU Duo10, LEI Jiaqiang11, ZHANG Guoyou4,12, ZOU Xueyong13, CHEN Xiaoqing2,6, TAN Minghong3,4,5, WANG Xunming3,4, BAO Anming11, CHENG Weixin4, DANG Xiaohu14, WEI Binggan4,5, WANG Guoliang8, WANG Wuyi4,5, ZHANG Xingquan4, LIU Xiaochen2,15, LI Shengyu11   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Centre for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, CAS, Bejing 100101, China
    3. School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    5. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Monitoring, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    6. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS, Chengdu 610041, China
    7. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    8. State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
    9. Northwest Institute of Ecological and Environmental Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
    10. Key Laboratory ofWestern China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
    11. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
    12. Geographical Society of China, Beijing 100101, China
    13. Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    14. College of Geology and Environment, Xi'an University of Science and Technology, Xi'an 710054, China
    15. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-03-03 Revised:2020-08-20 Online:2020-09-25 Published:2020-11-25
  • Contact: WU Shaohong E-mail:fhchen@itpcas.ac.cn;wush@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41530749);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41842050)

Abstract:

Physical geography is a basic discipline of natural science. Since its research object is the natural environment, it is closely related to human survival and development. China's natural environment is complex and diverse; therefore, according to national demand and regional development needs, physical geographers have also made remarkable achievements in applied foundation and application, making important contributions to the planning of national major economic construction and social development, protection of macro-ecosystem and resources and environment, and regional sustainable development. This paper summarizes the practice and application of physical geography in China in the last 70 years (1949-2019), differences between the natural environment and natural zoning, land use/cover change, natural disasters and risk prevention and control, the process of desertification and its administration, lower-yield field transformation of Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, engineering construction of permafrost areas, geochemical element abnormity and endemic disease prevention and control, positioning observation of natural geographical factors, geographical spatial heterogeneity identification, and geographical detector. Finally, it proposes the future application research directions of physical geography.

Key words: physical geography, practices, application, regional development, national strategy