Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (5): 891-903.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202005001

• Theory and Method •     Next Articles

Research progress of human-earth system dynamics based on spatial resilience theory

LIU Yanxu1, FU Bojie1,2(), WANG Shuai1, ZHAO Wenwu1, LI Yan1   

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2.State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2019-05-05 Revised:2020-02-03 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25
  • Contact: FU Bojie E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2017YFA0604701);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801059);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

Abstract:

The concept of human-earth system represents a dynamic structure formed by the interaction between human and earth within a specific region. Considering the complexity of the system, it is necessary to construct a more powerful indicator system to describe the interaction and reflection processes between human and earth systems. The term of spatial resilience can be understood as the overall ability of regional space to absorb, recover or transform natural and social disturbances. Spatial resilience targeted at securing the structural stability of human-earth system, and it also provides a new approach for the shaping of targeted theoretical models and quantifiable indicator system in the study of human-earth system. This study reviews the research progress of spatial resilience from three perspectives, including: ecological policy and ecosystems spatial resilience from a natural perspective; environmental changes and spatial resilience of community production and living from a social perspective and the spatial resilience integrated indicator system from a comprehensive description perspective. Then the article puts forward three important directions of spatial resilience research in China, including understanding the spatial state that guaranteed system sustainability, identifying the spatial thresholds of human-earth system dynamic process, and satisfying the national demands of ecological protection and social development. This study also discusses the spatial resilience indicator system in various human-earth system functional areas from aspects of system structure, function and threshold. By the deepening of the theories and methods of spatial resilience, the human-earth system dynamics can be further understood, so as to improve the regional level accuracy on simulating the socioeconomic, environmental and political paths, and provide key theoretical and methodological support for the decision-making of sustainable development at global, national and regional levels.

Key words: human-earth system dynamics, landscape ecology, sustainability, threshold, national demands