Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (2): 365-381.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202002011

• Agriculture and Rural Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatio-temporal pattern of rural development and restructuring and regional path of rural vitalization in Guangxi, China

TU Shuangshuang1,2, ZHENG Yuhan2,3, LONG Hualou2,3(), WAN Shimeng4, LIANG Xiaoli4, WANG Wei4   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, Nanning Normal University, the Ministry of Education, Nanning 530001, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. School of Geography and Planning, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530001, China
  • Received:2019-10-14 Revised:2020-01-08 Online:2020-02-25 Published:2020-04-25
  • Contact: LONG Hualou E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901207);Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971216);Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731286);The Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China(2018M630197);The BaGui Scholars Program of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Abstract:

Rural restructuring is an important means of implementing and pushing forward the strategy of rural vitalization. Systematic research on the characteristics and problems of rural development and restructuring in typical areas is the basis of developing scientific policies facing the strategic needs of rural vitalization in the new era. Taking Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region as a case, based on the TOPSIS model supported by entropy method, this paper analyzes the spatio-temporal pattern of rural development level and restructuring intensity, identifies the problem regions of rural development and restructuring, and explores the regional path of rural vitalization. The results show that, during the research period, the level of rural development in Guangxi has been rapidly improved, and the development of rural territory is moving from relative homogeneity towards heterogeneity. The average intensity of economic, social and spatial restructuring increases gradually in each research period, and economic restructuring is accelerating, while spatial restructuring is still lagging behind. The average coupling and coordination degree of economic, social and spatial restructuring has gradually improved, but the current level of coordination is still not high. Based on the above research, 37 counties in 7 categories are identified with problems in rural development and restructuring. The formation of problem regions reflects the impact of geographical environment, and is the result of the interaction of various factors such as terrain conditions, location conditions, natural resources, economic foundation, population quality and regional policies under the background of changes in socio-economic elements. The sustainable development in rural areas depends on the economic-social-spatial coordination, and the implementation of rural vitalization strategy in Guangxi requires not only the overall planning of the regional path of rural restructuring from the macro level, but also the regulatory measures to promote rural socio-economic development and spatial restructuring for problem regions.

Key words: rural development, rural restructuring, rural vitalization, rural territorial system, rural geography