Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (12): 2560-2571.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201912010

• New Urbanization and Rural Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Approaches to rural transformation and sustainable development in the context of urban-rural integration

CAO Zhi1,2, LI Yurui1,2(), CHEN Yufu1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Center for Assessment and Research on Targeted Poverty Alleviation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-10-17 Revised:2019-12-14 Online:2019-12-25 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: LI Yurui
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41931293);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801175);Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China(2019T120128);Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China(2018M631558)


Exploring the evolution rules of rural transformation is significant for systematically understanding stages of rural development, judging trends of rural development, determining paths of rural sustainable development and promoting rural vitalization. Based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, industrial structure evolution theory, and regional spatial structure theory, this paper deduced the evolutionary stages of rural transformation. The evolutionary stages were verified by analysis of the development process of typical villages. Further, this paper explored the implication for rural sustainable development in the new era. The results showed that: (1) Evolutionary process of rural transformation included four stages. The first was the cropland-engineering stage, aiming at realizing the need for food and clothing under the uniform distribution of productivity. The second was the agricultural structure adjustment stage, aiming at increasing income under the intensifying urban-rural relationship status. The third was the industrial restructuring, aiming at improving the quality of life under the strengthening of regional linkages. The fourth was the stage of promoting the equalization of public service facilities with the goal of urban-rural equivalence under the urban-rural integration. (2) The development course of typical developed villages confirmed the evolution rules of rural transformation to some extent. (3) In practice, the evolutionary process of rural development presented skip or parallel phenomena because of regional differentiation of resources, location, market size, and willingness. According to the changes of the roles of different groups in development course, each stage could be subdivided into initial stage, transition stage, and maturation stage. (4) Based on the analysis of evolutionary rules of rural transformation, the paths of rural sustainable development in different types of region included land consolidation and agglomeration path, specialty industrial development path, industrial platform for collection and distribution path, and community function intensification path in the context of urban-rural integration.

Key words: rural vitalization strategy, rural territorial system, rural transformation, rural development, urban-rural integration