Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (10): 2108-2122.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201910011

• Rural Revitalization and Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Local differentiation and alleviation of poverty in underdeveloped areas based on development geography

LIU Xiaopeng1,2,LI Weihua1,WANG Peng1,WANG Yajuan3,CHENG Jing1,MA Cunxia1   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    2. Research Center of Rural Revitalization Strategy, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
  • Received:2019-04-23 Revised:2019-10-10 Online:2019-10-25 Published:2019-10-29
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41761025);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41761024);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41461039);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41261021)

Abstract:

The development of development geography stems from the study of underdeve-lopment and poverty. On the basis of combing the development process, basic theories, analytical models and methods of development geography, and combined with China's academic exploration of regional overall poverty alleviation and localization and poverty reduction of sustainable development, this paper constructs an analytical framework of development geography of poverty in underdeveloped areas, and establishes the "five-in-one" geographical capital index system composed of economic geographical capital, social geographic capital, cultural geographic capital, ecological geographic capital and political geographic capital. The integration method and technical flow of data processing are put forward to analyze the local differentiation of poverty in underdeveloped areas. The results show that: (1) Geographical detection determined the leading geographic capital that plays a role in poverty, and the determinative force of each leading geographic capital on the poverty incidence LA,P ≥ 0.15; (2) Under the action of different dominant geographical capitals, the five single-dimensional geographic capital indexes and their synthetic regional geographic capital indices have obvious local differentiation, and have the characteristics of barrier and time delay; (3) The poor local differentiation can be divided into four types: economic geographical capital constraint, economic-social geographical capital constraint, economic-social-ecological geographical capital constraint, and economic-social-cultural-ecological geographical capital constraint; (4) Based on the characteristics of development, we tap the local dynamics and put forward the targeted countermeasures and models of different types to alleviate local poverty. Under the background of rural vitalization and the 2020 poverty alleviation shift, it is necessary to focus on the comprehensive research on spatial differentiation, spatial diffusion and spatial integration of poverty in less developed areas, so as to provide development geographical solutions for localization and poverty reduction of sustainable development.

Key words: underdeveloped areas, poverty, geographic capital, local differentiation, governance, development geography