Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (8): 1622-1636.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201908010

• Population and Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial differentiation and mechanisms of typical rural areas in the suburbs of a metropolis: A case study of Beicun Village, Baiyun District, Guangzhou

YANG Ren   

  1. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, School of Geography and Planning Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-09-01 Revised:2019-05-01 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-08-07
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871177);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801088);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41401190);Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou, China(201707010097)


The reforms of global production modes and social systems have accelerated the process of urbanization, and the urban-rural flow speeds up spatial differentiation in the rural suburbs. Based on spatial production theory and game theory, this paper analyzes the spatial differentiation and its influence mechanism in Beicun in the suburbs of Guangzhou. The results are as follows: (1) Since the 1980s, Beicun has experienced three stages: agricultural development, industrial development, and service industry development. The industry has changed from single to diversified, and the transformation from agricultural decentralization to rural community has been realized. (2) In the transformation of rural economic development, the land use type and structure of Beicun tended to be diversified, and the spatial relationship of various types of land use was complicated, emerging in new characteristics of land for mixed commercial and residential use, and mixed industrial and commercial use, gradually forming a circle-type spatial layout structure model of "public service facilities-traditional and modern residential areas-commercial areas-agricultural and industrial areas". (3)The diversification of the rural material space was mainly due to the intervention of new industries and the transformation of leading industries. Both endogenous land-transferring mechanisms and exogenous urban capital promoted the industrialization process, and market power promoted the transformation of manufacturing industry into a service industry. (4) The industrialization process promoted the functional replacement of historical buildings by village organizations; changed the social relationship of the village to the blood clan and made it more geographically oriented; and produced an occupational relationship between migrant workers and urban low-income groups. (5) The multi-differentiation of suburban rural space followed the game logic of capital and land interests. The rural community played a key mediation role in the competition for space and in the game interests among local villagers, farmers, cooperative economy, industrial operators, and service owners.

Key words: rural development, spatial differentiation, spatial production, game theory, Beicun Village