Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (8): 1534-1547.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201908004

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Analysis of the geo-relationships between China and its neighboring countries

CHEN Xiaoqiang1,2,3,YUAN Lihua1,2,3,SHEN Shi1,2,3,LIANG Xiaoyao1,2,3,WANG Yuanhui1,2,3,WANG Xiangyu1,2,3,YE Sijing1,2,3,CHENG Changxiu1,2,3,SONG Changqing1,2,3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Center for Geodata and Analysis, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2018-11-05 Revised:2019-03-22 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-08-07
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41842038);Talent Start Project of Beijing Normal University


Geo-relationships, as an important field of research in geography, have attracted much attention from scholars. Quantitative research on geo-relationships based on big data is an important supplement to traditional geo-relationships study. This paper uses GDELT mass media data to express the geo-relationships between China and its neighboring countries as a global relationship of cooperation and conflict, and identifies the stage division of these relationships using ordered cluster analysis. Social network analysis is conducted for each stage of the cooperation and conflict relationship, and community detection is used to further analyze and interpret the networks of cooperation and conflict. Finally, we highlight bilateral relations in various stages and conduct a China-centered equilibrium analysis. Three main results are presented. First, from 1979 to 2017, the cooperation and conflict relationship between China and its neighboring countries demonstrated an obvious three-stage temporal division. China has gradually become the center of the network, and a broad cooperation pattern centered on China and supported by Russia, Japan, and South Korea has formed. Second, the highlighted bilateral relations in each stage, such as China-Vietnam, China-Japan, China-Russia, and DPRK-ROK, show varied development trends and driving factors. Third, with the process of China's peaceful rise, cooperation between the country and its neighbors is becoming more and more balanced, and conflict between them is expanding.

Key words: China and its neighboring countries, geo-relationships, big data, GDELT, social network analysis