Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (6): 1224-1235.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201906011

• Transport Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Feasibility study on land-river combined transport between Dalian and Tiksi

DAI Changlei1,2,3,ZHANG Xiaohong1,3,4,YU Miao1,2,3,A. N. NIKOLAEV4,N. R. MAXIMOV5   

  1. 1. Institute of Groundwater in Cold Region, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    2. School of Hydraulic & Electric-power, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China;
    3. China and Russian Cold Region Hydrology and Water Conservancy Engineering Joint Laboratory, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China
    4. Institute of Natural Science, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk 677000, Russia
    5. Institute of East, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk 677000, Russia
  • Received:2018-07-06 Revised:2019-05-11 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-20
  • Supported by:
    State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs P.R. China in 2018 to Go Abroad (Habitat) Training Program(P182011036);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41202171);Heilongjiang University Postgraduate Academic Exchange Program

Abstract:

Under the macroscopical background of "Polar Silk Route", the paper puts forward the land and river intermodal transport route from Dalian to Tiksi Port of the Arctic Ocean (hereinafter referred as land and river intermodal transport route). The land and river intermodal transport route is a line available, which vertically connects the two economic belts between the northeast of China and the Siberia of Russia. Through the comprehensive analysis of the latest researches upon river and land intermodal transport route, which are carried out by Heilongjiang University, Melnikov Permafrost Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences and North-Eastern Federal University. Among them, the river transport section is the waterway from Russian Yakutsk City to Lena River of Tiksi Port; the land transport section runs through China and Russia and the central part of Northeast Asia, mainly including the railway and highway transport from Dalian to Yakutsk. And the main cities along the river and land intermodal transport route contain: China Dalian-Harbin-Heihe-Russian Blagoveshchensk (Hailanpao)-Neryungri-Yakutsk-Tiksi Port. Every node of land transport section has mature transportation systems, transit nodes with complete facilities and great economic development prospects. From July to September, Lena River has at least 3 months suitable for shipment and allows ship navigation with a weight of over 3000 tons. In summer, the Sino-Russia Northeast Asia land and river intermodal transport route has advantages of both short transportation distance and time. Along the route, there are abundant mineral resources. When the economy along the route gets improved, the trades between Asia and Europe can be connected and enhanced.

Key words: Polar Silk Road, Dalian, Yakutsk, Tiksi, land and river intermodal transport, Lena River