Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (11): 2236-2249.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201811014

• Land Use and Geographic Information • Previous Articles     Next Articles

On the neighborhood patterns of urban land use using vector grids

LI Ye1(),GONG Yongxi2,3,ZHANG Zhaodong2,3,FENG Changchun1()   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Urban Planning and Decision Making, Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen), Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
    3. School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen), Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China;
  • Received:2017-09-29 Online:2018-11-25 Published:2018-11-22
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41771169, No.41371169; Special Fund for Public Welfare Research of Ministry of Land and Resources of China, No.201511010-3A; Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province, No.2013B040401003

Abstract:

The spatial distribution of urban land use is an important issue in urban geography and urban planning, and the research on the spatial patterns of urban land use could help us to understand the status of urban systems. We reviewed the research progress on urban spatial structure and urban land use patterns, and we improved the existing methods of enrichment factors from two aspects to analyze the neighborhood patterns of urban land use. The first was to adopt vector grids instead of raster grids to decrease errors, and the second was to use fastigiated grids and Manhattan distance to measure the neighborhood. We used the proposed method to analyze six types of urban land uses in Shenzhen in 2015 and identified three neighborhood patterns that revealed the variation of enrichment degrees between different types of urban land uses with respect to distance. Pattern I showed that the enrichment degree between the same urban land use type was high over short distances and became low over increasing distances, indicating the attraction of the same type of urban land use within short distances and the decrease of attraction over long distances. The value of the enrichment degree between different types of land uses was negative over short distances in both Pattern II and Pattern III. In Pattern II the enrichment degree gradually increased to 0 when the distance increased, demonstrating the repulsion between different types of land uses over short distances and the decrease of repulsion over long distances. In Pattern III the enrichment degree increased quickly to a positive value, then decreased gradually to 0, which revealed repulsion between different types of land uses over short distances, and the interaction became attraction over long distance. Compared with the method based on raster grids, the proposed method based on fastigiated vector grids can reduce the error of neighborhood patterns of urban land uses.

Key words: urban land use, neighborhood pattern, enrichment factor, vector grid